Independent Brewing Co. header

 Independent Brewing Company
of Seattle (1902-1915)
Old German Lager Brewing Company (1916-1918)
Old Lager Brewing Company  (1918-1924)

In 1902, Samuel S. Loeb and other business associates who had been with him in his Tacoma brewery, laid plans to open a brewery in Seattle.  As detailed in his biography, the American born, Loeb, came to Seattle in 1902, three years after the closure of his Milwaukee Brewery - a branch brewery of the Pacific Brewing & Malting Co.

Brewery construction was well underway when an arsonist struck. On 26 August, 1902, The Seattle Star ran a story with these headlines:

"Fierce Fire At South Seattle--Incendiaries Apply the Match to new Independent Brewery Plant--A $50,000 Fire This Morning--Establishment Just Ready for Operation."

The arsonist was never caught, so it was never determined if the action was anti-Semitic. However, Loeb and his partners were the only Jewish brewers in the Pacific NW brewing industry.

In spite of this major setback the investors regrouped and rebuilt the plant. By December, 1902, the brewery commenced brewing, with the process overseen by plant superintendent, J. Henry Beckman, who had previously held this position at the owner's Milwaukee Brewery in Tacoma. He was assisted by another brewer, Anton Dolenz, a recent arrival from Austria.

Independent Brewing Co., Seattle, c.1902
Independent Brewery photo c.1902

On Febuary 18, 1904, the Seattle Daily Times printed this short announcement:

"Articles incorporating the Independent Brewing Company with a capital stock of $150,000 were filed yesterday afternoon at the office of the county auditor. The papers aresigned by Samuel S. Loeb, Herman Klaber, and Ben Moyses."

Samuel Loeb served as president, and his brother-in-law, Albert Weinberg, was vice-president, with Benjamin Moyses serving as sec./treas. Their millionaire partner, Herman Klaper - "the Hop King" - left the company prematurely when he went down with the Titanic on her ill-fated, maiden voyage.

The brewery was located at 4202 8th Ave. So., what is now Airport Way and Adams St. - south of the Seattle Brewing & Malting plant in Georgetown. The photo (above) was taken immediately after the plant was completed. As was common practice of the time, much artistic license was taken in depecting the brewery. Below is drawing that shows major improvements since the 1902 construction, however the drawings are often exagerated and the plant was not actually as deep as it appears.

drawing of Independent Brg. Co., Seattle plant, c.1902
drawing from the Independent Brewery's 1910 letterhead

Independent Beer paneled glass ca.1905The Brewery initially produced two brands of beer. Their "Independent Beer" was a draught (draft) intended for its primary market - the area's saloons, but was also available in bottles. The paneled, etched glass was a promotional item freely distributed to their accounts.

Their other brand, "Premier Pilsner" was a bottled beer meant for 1st class bars & resturants, as well as the home market.

Premier Pilsner bottle lableFor their bottling works they installed the newest Crown Cap & Seal equipment. Shown below is a quart bottle with a crown cap, neck finish. It also has the company's name and monogram embossed on one side. This was to ensure that the bottle was returned to the correct owners for cleaning and reuse. The paper label was applied to the side opposit the embossing.

Beer trays were also popular promotional items given to their accounts. The tray below has the Brewery's logo, and touts "Premier Pilsner Beer. The tray futher below was another stock tray, that had a center area free for a brewery's text and/or logo. This would have been more economical than commissioning a tray with original artwork designed specifically for their brewery.

Independent Brewery oval tray, c.1904 Independent Brg. Co. embossed bottle
Stock tray "Falstaff" by the Meek Co. embossed quart


Independent Brewing Co. beer tray - imageIn January 1906, Edward Sweeney’s holdings in Seattle Brewing & Malting was purchased by the Hemrich brothers, Andrew,Alvin, and Louis.
They followed this with the acquisition of controlling interest in the Claussen Brewing Assn., as well as the nearby Independent Brewing Company.

While Alvin Hemrich assumed the presidency of the firm, Samuel Loeb continued running his Independent brewery as vice-president and general manager.

Also in 1906 the brewery introduced a new verson of their Independent beer, and in this August 10th ad from the Seattle Dailey Times they touted a new easy open bottle closure that didn't require a tool. Independent Beer ad fromAug 1906

Since Independent used only crown finish bottles I don't know what kind of a new "cork" (closure) would not require an opener.
(click on image to enlarge ad)

Independent Special Brew label In 1908, they issued a new version of their "Independent Pilsener Beer" calling it their "Special Brew". Note - the bottles depicted on the label are crown capped.

In promotional ads the company stated that: "It's the sterilized air in the fermenting that makes our beer so delicious."

I wonder how they sterilized the air?

The "Special Brew" tray, shown below, was a stock tray called "Bertha" which was copyright in 1908 by the Meek Company, and was also used by the Bellingham Bay Brewery.

Stock beer tray Bertha c.1908

"Only six different trays are currently known that were issued by the Independent Brewery - including "Falstaff", "A Helping Hand" and "the Cavalier" shown further below. 

Old German Lager banner

The brewery flourished in spite of the major competition from Seattle Brewing & Malting's Rainier Beer. In June of 1910 their brewmaster, J. Henry Beckman, formulated his Old German Lager calling it the "Fatherland Beer," with the slogan: "Prosit! Es Giebt Kein Kopeweh," which means - "Good Health! It won't give you a headache."  

To introduce the new brand the brewery ran half page ads in northern California newspapers. (click on the image to enlarge)

Old German ad june 1910 Old German Lager match-safe
ad from June 1910 Old German Lager match-safe

1st Old German Lager etched beer glass
Seattle glass, ca.1910

Old German Lager silver tumbler
glass bottom, silver plated tumbler

Etched glass bottom, Old German Lager silver tumbler
tumbler's etched glass bottom

2nd Old German Lager etched beer glass
Seattle glass, ca.1912

Old German Lager etched beer glass - SF agent
California agent

Old German Lager glass from Rose City
Portland agent

Headaches or not, Old German Lager was well received in Seattle and the surrounding areas, and became their "flagship brand." It even found favor with the beer drinkers of San Francisco and Portland. By 1912, Old German Lager was being bottled and distributed by the Chas. F. Wagner Co. in the Bay City, and in Portland by Rose City Importing Company. It's curious that the Portland glass (above) doesn't mention the Independent Brewing Co.

Independent's Old German Lager cap lifter
cap lifter with square hole to open Prest-o-Lite valve

The original bottle label shown below and on the tray, became a registered trademark in April, May and June of 1910 - in Oregon, California, and Washington, respectively. Of the six trays issued by the brewery, the tray showing a bottle of beer with the "brown label" is the only tray that didn't use a stock image.

22 oz. Independent beer bottle
22 ounce bottle

Independent Brg. Co. Old German Lager beer tray - image

This label's graphics was also used on the etched glasses (top-left above).
Both of these labels (below) measure 4¾" tall by 7½" wide and wrapped three-quarters around a 22 ounce bottle.

It appears that this 1910 label was copied from G. Heileman's Old Style Beer label, and Heileman was not ammused. They brought suit in November of 1911, for copyright infringement and were upheld.

In May of 1912, Loeb's new label was introduced (below right) with brighter colors, different graphics, but identical verbiage. That label also suggests that bottles greater than 22 ounces may have been used.

During this period approximately 70% of the output of Seattle breweries was given over to draft beer, which was dispensed in saloons. The remaining 30% was bottled for resturant and home consumption.


Old German Lager beer label c.1908 - image
Old German Lager label, ca.1910

Old German Lager label c.1912 -  image
Old German Lager label, ca.1912

stock beer tray by Chas. W. Shonk, ca.1910
stock beer tray by Chas. W. Shonk, ca.1910

last Independent Brg. Co. beer tray c.1914 - image
stock tray by American Art Works - "Helping Hand" , ca.1914

San Fraancisco banner

The 1912 contract with their SF agent remained in effect until January 1, 1916, when Loeb's Independent Brewery was closed by state-wide prohibition. Some Washington brewers chose to continue operating their plants by producing soft drinks or near-beer, but others chose to take their business elsewhere.

Independent's parent company, Seattle Brewing & Malting, among others, chose to make the move to California believing that national prohibition would never be adopted. Loeb made the same choice, but rather than raise funds for the construction of a new brewery, he chose to contract for his beer and bottle it himself.

In the last few days of December, 1915, just days before Washington State prohibition took effect, Loeb ran this ad in the Seattle Daily Times, showing his new plant and giving instructions on how to continue getting his beer. State law prohibited the manufacture of beer but not its consumption. Consummers were allowed a maxium of 12 quarts of beer every 20 days (or 2 qts. hard liquor). Unfortunately for Loeb this loop hole was closed 18 months later when on July 1, 1917, the "Bone Dry" ammendment was passed which forbade the shipment of intoxicating liquors of any kind into "dry" states.

Announcement for new SF plant Dec. 1915

The plant depicted in the Dec. 1915 ad above was not "...the New Home of Old German Lager." It was actually the plant of the Oakland Brewing & Malting Company, as can be seen on their letterhead below.

Oakland Brewing & Malting Co. letterhead

In fairness to Loeb this may not have been marketing hype. The January 1, 1916, edition of The Brewers' Journal published this article:

"S. S. Loeb, of the Independent Brewing Co., Seattle, has opened offices in the Monadnock Building in San Francisco and has taken over the agency of their Old German Lager which was handled for a number of years by C. F. Wagner. Loeb was completing arrangements to buy entirely, or an interest in, the Oakland Brewing & Malting Co., when he was called home by the serious illness of his mother.

Old German Lager will be brewed in the vicinity of San Francisco that much is definite and probably will be brewed by the Oakland Brewing & Malting Co., Carl Plaut, president."

Loeb's use of the Oakland Brewery's image would suggest that he bought an interest in that company. Actually, Loeb & Moyses had taken part of the Oakland plant under lease, and sent their superintendent, J. Henry Beckman, to Oakland to brew Old German Lager for them. Beckman would later assume full charge of the Oakland Brewing & Malting Co. plant.

The Old German Lager Brewing Company 

Regardless of the Independent Brewing Company's Dec. 1915 announcement (above), the company did not continue with that name in San Francisco. No doubt the Independent Brewing & Malting Co. of Oakland objected. So Loeb chose to name the company after his flagship brand, and on April 1, 1916, his contract brewing business was incorporated as the Old German Lager Brewing Co.

Apparently his old California distributor, Wagner, felt the loss of the Old German Lager account, so he came out with his own Old German Lager brand. Loeb couldn't copyright the words "Old", "German" or "Lager", but he did have rights to the graphics and general appearance of the label. Consequently, he used the marketing slogan: "Demand the Brown Label."

Old German Lager cap lifter c.1916
2½" long, cap lifter, ca.1916

Despite Loeb's effort to protect his brand, Wagner contracted for beer from the Humbolt Brewing Co. of Eureka, which he bottled and marketed as "Wagner's Old German Lager Type Beer." He even used a similar brown-hued label. The Fresno Brewing Co. also used the same tactic with its look-alike, mono-chromatic, beige label for their "Old German Style Lager." It's ironic that what Loeb did to Heileman, others were now doing to him.

Old GermanLager Type label c.1916 

The interjection of the word "type" or "style" appears to have been mandated by the patent office (which regulated the trade marks then) since earlier beer labels didn't use this terminology. This may have been to prevent confusion over imported German lager beers.

 Old Lager Brewing Company 

Old Lager Brewing Co. letterhead c.1918
Old Lager Brewing Co. letterhead ca.1918

By early 1918 the anti-German sentiment from the war in Europe forced Loeb to make a business decision. On the 21st of May he testified before Judge E. P. Morgan that San Franciscans have refused to buy "Old German Lager" because of its Teutonioc middle name. Consequently the judge authorized the corporation to change its name to Old Lager Brewing Company. The brewery's brand was then changed to "Old Original Lager" effective May 15, 1918. The appearance of the bottle label remained mostly the same but for the revised wording and removal of the German soldiers, plus they added a wooden sign specifing "The Brown Label."


Old Original Lager beer label, SF May 1918
Old Original Lager - "the Brown Label"

Old Original Lager crown capOld Original Lager cap lifter c.1918 - image
Cork lined Crown cap and 2½" long, cap lifter, ca.1918

When national Prohibition took effect in January of 1920, many brewers attempted to keep their plants running by producing soft drinks and/or non-alcoholic cereal beverages called near-beer. In San Francisco, the Acme, Milwaukee, Rainier, Tacoma and John Wieland breweries chose to keep their plants running with both product lines.

Samuel chose to stay in business by selling only near-beer, now with the aid of his son, Sidney. The Oakland Brewing & Malting Co., who were producing their beer, chose to close rather than carry on making soft drinks or near-beer. So Loeb contracted with the Rainier Brewing Company for his non-alcoholic beer.


However, demand wasn't great and the firm struggled. By 1924 the Old Original Lager Brewing Co. had closed, and Samuel Loeb retired to Los Angeles to become a real estate broker.


April of 1933 saw the repeal of Prohibition and the return of beer production. While Loeb's contract brewing business was finished, the familiar beer label soon returned. In 1935, the San Francisco Brewing Corp. copied Loeb's 1916 label, making only subtle changes.


Brau Haus Beer label, ca.1935



Samuel S. Loeb died in Los Angeles on 22 Jan. 1947, and little of his brewing history remained. However, in Seattle his Independent Brewery was still standing. This is a 1915 drawing of the plant just prior to being shuttered by state-wide prohibition. 

Drawing of the Independent Brewery, c.1915 During Prohibition the building was refitted to operate as a fish cannery. By the 1930s it was remodeled into a factory for Sunny Jim brand peanut butter, the most popular brand in Seattle for several decades. At some point most of the plant had been razed, leaving ony the buildings on each side of the smoke stack.  (click on image to enlarge)

The complex had been abandoned since the early 1990s and was destroyed by fire caused by squatters in 2010.



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updated 28 Mar 2022


Old German Breweriana - For Sale

Independent beer tray from Seattle Old German Lager beer tray - go to: TRAYS
Old German Lager beer glass Old German Lager beer glass - go to: Glasses



  • To John Cartwright for images of the two cap lifters, and the match-safe.
  • To Jeff Henry for the 1912 Old German Lager label.
  • To Matthew Martin for the 1908 Labeled bottle.
  • To Todd Gerhardt for the Premier Pilsner label.
  • To Jeff Conradt for the page header and the drawing of the Brewery.

  • To John Steiner for the 1916 Old German Lager Type label.
  • And a special thanks to the Boatman family for the 1902 photo of the Brewery.

For any comments, additions, or corrections -
or for brewery collectibles you wish to sell - please
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